The role of demographic development and the extent of its impact on socio-economic development have long been discussed by representatives of the social sciences and economics. However, in summary, it could be said that the proponents of conflicting views, mainly focused on discussing the role of the age-sex structure and population growth rates.
This article covers a comprehensive study of the dynamics, components and characteristics of the demographic development of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The article addressed the topical issues of the impact of population growth and changes in age-sex structure of the economic and social situation in the country in the medium – until 2030 and long-term – untill 2050. Considerable attention is paid to the demographic dividend. A great importance is placed on the analysis of age structure of labour resources of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The article analyses the trends of demographic processes during the past 25 years, reveals the problems, and identifies the peculiarities of the demographic development inherent in the country.