project work

The economic and geographic assessment of the complex territory was carried out at the initial stage, and the assessment identified that the logistics complex was located in a favorable position in terms of road and transport infrastructure. The demographic indicators (population, density) of Baku city and Surakhani district were further analyzed based on statistical data.

The primary purpose and main tasks of the construction of the complex were clarified at the second stage. It was identified that the construction of the logistics complex under the market economy conditions not only entails an investment project of national importance, but also brings forth various economic and social advantages. One of the primary purposes is taking into account the environmental issues at the stage of construction and further activities of the logistics complex. Subsequently, a draft project covering subtle details and main technical indicators was duly presented. The legal framework for ensuring environmental safety, deemed the main direction of environmental policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan, was further analyzed in order to minimize environmental pollution and organize environmental protection work during the construction of the logistics complex.

The third stage analyzed the natural and climatic conditions of the complex area. Natural factors essential for the construction of the logistics complex were emphasized, and relevant proposals were put forth in order to define working hours and ensure the health of employees in the event of occurrence of extreme conditions in the future. In addition, relevant information was provided regarding the possible damage to the environment: ambient air, vegetation, flora and fauna, human health.

The current ecological state of the complex was analyzed at the fourth stage. At the same time, the impact of vehicles on human health, the amount of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere (as well as the amount per capita) by vehicles in the country as a whole, as well as in Baku, the volume of wastewater, the noise factor and soil pollution in Baku and Surakhani region were studied on the basis of statistical data. In addition, environmental problems and work on the elimination thereof were analyzed, and possible ways to address the problem were put forward.

At the last stage, the assessment of the comprehensive ecological condition was carried out, the possible future environmental hazards were studied, a draft project for the preparation of the document on ecology was presented, and the relevant guidelines for monitoring were duly provided.


The role of demographic development and the extent of its impact on socio-economic development have long been discussed by representatives of the social sciences and economics. However, in summary, it could be said that the proponents of conflicting views, mainly focused on discussing the role of the age-sex structure and population growth rates.

This article covers a comprehensive study of the dynamics, components and characteristics of the demographic development of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The article addressed the topical issues of the impact of population growth and changes in age-sex structure of the economic and social situation in the country in the medium – until 2030 and long-term – untill 2050. Considerable attention is paid to the demographic dividend. A great importance is placed on the analysis of age structure of labour resources of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The article analyses the trends of demographic processes during the past 25 years, reveals the problems, and identifies the peculiarities of the demographic development inherent in the country.